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NFP (NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMME) -
FAO (FOOD AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION)

PENGUATAN KAPASITAS DAN PENDIDIKAN LINGKUNGAN
BAGI MASYARAKAT HARUKU

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
FOR THE COMMUNITY OF HARUKU VILLAGE

I. LATAR BELAKANG
Haruku adalah sebuah pulau kecil dengan 11 desa yang diantaranya terdapat desa Haruku, dan wilayah administrasi Haruku termasuk dalam Kecamatan Haruku Kabupaten Maluku Tengah. Desa Haruku memiliki potensi sumberdaya hutan yang cukup tinggi, tetapi laju degradasi hutan juga sangat tinggi karena adanya aktivitas masyarakat untuk mengkonversi lahan hutan menjadi lahan pertanian dan perkebunan. Kondisi fisik pulau Haruku sangat peka terhadap perubahan-perubahan fisik wilayahnya karena faktor tanah, batuan dan kondisi iklim yang tidak mendukung. Oleh karena itu aktivitas konversi hutan yang tidak terkontrol akan memberikan efek negatif terhadap lingkungan fisik pulau dan berakibat serius bagi ekosistem dan keselamatan pulau. Masyarakat Haruku telah menyadari hal ini sejak nenek moyang mereka sehingga sejak itu dibentuk dewan adat penyelamat lingkungan yang disebut KEWANG. Kewang adalah suatu lembaga adat yang berfungsi mengatur pemanfaatan dan perlindungan terhadap sumberdaya alam laut maupun darat di Haruku. Saat ini Kewang di Haruku masih tetap eksis dengan tugas dan fungsinya, tetapi lembaga ini terus mengalami banyak hambatan dalam pelaksanaan tugas dan fungsinya karena keterbatasan modal. Terkait dengan masalah ini, maka Lembaga Kewang Haruku mengusulkan kepada NFP-FAO suatu kegiatan yang disebut: Penguatan Kapasitas dan Pendidikan Lingkungan bagi Masyarakat Haruku.

II. TUJUAN KEGIATAN
1. Melakukan rehabilitasi habitat burung Maleo
2. Melakukan rehabilitasi sumber-sumber air
3. Pengadaan perpustakaan lingkungan
4. Membuat training dan kampanye lingkungan

III. OUTPUT YANG DIHARAPKAN
1. Satwa burung Maleo menjadi aman pada habitatnya dan debit dari sumber air dapat meningkat dikemudian hari.
2. Terbangun suatu pengetahuan dasar bagi masyarakat tentang lingkungan.
3. Terbangun suatu motivasi dan etos kerja masyarakat dalam memelihara dan membangun lingkungan secara mandiri.
4. Terjadi peningkatan kesadaran masyarakat terhadap arti dan peranan lingkungan bagi kehidupannya.

IV. KEGIATAN

A. Rehabilitasi Habitat Burung Maleo dan Sumber Air
1. Studi tentang faktor-faktor penyebab ancaman bagi habitat maleo dan sumber air.
2. Meningkatkan kesadaran masyarakat tentang konservasi maleo dan sumber air melalui suatu lokakarya
3. Sewa tenaga ahli dan pengadaan materi lokakarya
4. Pelaksanaan lokakarya
5. Pengadaan bibit tanaman yang cocok bagi habitat burung Maleo dan sumber air
6. Penanaman jenis tanaman
7. Pemeliharaan
8. Draft laporan kegiatan

B. Pengadaan Perpustakaan Khusus Tentang Lingkungan
1. Pembangunan rumah papan (5m x 5m)
2. Pengadaan buku-buku lingkungan
3. Pengadaan rak buku
4. Pengadaan meja tulis dan kursi
5. Pengadaan listrik (450 watt)
6. Papan tulis/white board
7. Draft laporan kegiatan

C. Membuat Training Tentang Konservasi Sumber Air
1. Identifikasi peserta
2. Sewa tenaga ahli bidang kehutanan
3. Persiapan materi training
4. Pelaksanaan kegiatan training
5. Draft Laporan

D. Kampanye Lingkungan untuk Anak
1. Pembuatan leaflet tentang Maleo dan isu lingkungan yang lain
2. Pembuatan papan-papan peringatan tentang pengamanan lingkungan dan konservasi Burung Maleo
3. Pembuatan kalender isu lingkungan
4. Lomba menggambar dengan tema lingkungan
5. Pengadaan website Kewang Haruku untuk promosi
6. Diskusi draft laporan kegiatan
7. Laporan akhir dan laporan keuangan

 

I. BACKGROUNDS
Haruku is a small island with 12 villages, and one of this villages is called Haruku. Haruku village is situated in the Sub-District of Haruku, Central Maluku. This village has high forest resourced potential, but the speed of forest degradation is also high because of the people activities to change forest land became agriculture and perennial plantations. The island physics of Haruku is very sensitive to the people activities that can change the environmental factors, such as: soil, rocks and climate. Therefore the activity of the forest conversion that is in under control, it will give negative impacts to the environmental physics of the island, and it will also give negative impacts to the ecosystem and sustainable of the island. Haruku communities have known this problem since their ancients, so that since that time, they already performed an institution of local custom which called Kewang. Kewang is a local custom institution which function to manage the natural resourced that used by community, and to protect marine and continent resources of Haruku village. To day, Kewang of Haruku village is still exist with their tasks and functions, but this institution is gradually get problems in the implementation of their tasks and functions because of limited budget. In relation with this problem, Kewang institution of Haruku has proposed a proposal to the NFP-FAO, and the activity called: Strengthening the capacity and environmental education for the local communities of Haruku villaege.

II. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
1. To amendment the habitat of Maleo birds and the water sources in Haruku village
2. To prepare the environmental library for Haruku communities.
3. To conduct training and campaign for Haruku communities about environmental issues

III. EXPECTED OUTPUTS
1. The basic knowledge of the communities about environmental issues will be increased.
2. Motivation of the communities for controlling and developing their environments will be created.
3. Communities awareness about the roles of the environments to the lifes will be increased.

IV. ACTIVITIES OF THE PROJECT

A. Rehabilitation of the Maleo birds habitat and water sources
1. To identify problems that disturbed the Maleo birds habitat and water sources
2. To increase the communities awareness by a workshop
3. To prepare seedlings for planting the habitat of Maleo birds and water sources.
4. To plant the seedlings
5. To cultivate the planted seedlings

B. Preparing a library for the Haruku communities about environmental issues
1. To prepare simple library house
2. To purchase books of the environmental issues
3. To prepare tables, chairs and cap boards for library
4. To prepare other supported facilities

C. Conducting a training about water sources and Maleo birds conservations
1. Participants identification
2. To hire forestry experts as trainer
3. Preparing materials of training
4. Accommodations
5. Report

D. Environmental campaign for children
1. To make announcement boards for campaign the environmental issues
2. To prepare date calendars of environmental issues for the people
3. Competition of environmental drawing between children
4. Preparing Website for Kewang activities
5. Discuss the draft of activities report
6. Final report and financial report

 

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Conservation is the management, protection, and wise use of natural resources. Natural resources include all the things that help support life, such as sunlight, water, soil, and minerals. Plants and animals are also natural resources. The earth has limited supplies of many natural resources. Our use of these resources keeps increasing as the population grows and our standard of living rises. Conservationists work to ensure that the environment can continue to provide for human needs. Without conservation, most of the earth's resources would be wasted, degraded, or destroyed. Conservation includes a wide variety of activities. Conservationists work to keep farmlands productive. conservation They manage forests to supply timber, to shelter wildlife, and to provide people with recreational opportunities. They work to save wilderness areas and wildlife from human destruction. They try to find ways to develop and use mineral resources without damaging the environment. Conservationists also seek safe, dependable ways to help meet the world's energy needs. In addition, they work to improve city life by seeking solutions to air pollution, waste disposal, and urban decay. Conservationists sometimes divide natural resources into four groups: (1) inexhaustible resources, (2) renewable resources, (3) nonrenewable resources, and (4) recyclable resources. Inexhaustible resources, such as sunlight, cannot be used up. Conservation experts consider water an inexhaustible resource because the earth will always have the same amount of water. But water supplies vary from one area to another, and some areas have shortages of clean, fresh water. The supplies of salt and some other minerals are so abundant that they are not likely to be used up. Renewable resources can be used and replaced. They include plants and animals, which reproduce and so replace themselves. Most renewable resources cannot be stored for future use. For example, old trees rot and become useless for timber if they are not cut down, though rotting trees can serve such important purposes as providing habitat for wildlife. In addition, because most renewable resources are living things, they interact with one another. Thus, the use of one such resource affects others. For example, cutting down trees affects many plants and animals, as well as soil and water resources. Soil may be considered a renewable resource because crops can be grown on the same land for years if the soil is cared for properly. But if the soil is allowed to wash or blow away, it can only be replaced over hundreds of years. Nonrenewable resources, such as coal, iron, and petroleum, cannot be replaced. They take thousands or millions of years to form. People deplete supplies of these resources faster than new supplies can form. We can store most nonrenewable resources for future use. Mining companies sometimes leave minerals in the ground to save them for the future. Little interaction occurs among most nonrenewable resources, so using one nonrenewable resource has little effect on another. Recyclable resources, such as aluminum and copper, can be used more than once. For example, aluminum can be used to make containers and then be reprocessed and reused. People have practiced some kinds of conservation for hundreds of years. As a popular movement, however, conservation began in the United States during the early 1900's. The word conservation was probably first used by Gifford Pinchot, head of the U.S. Forest Service during President Theodore Roosevelt's administration. The term comes from two Latin words-servare, which means to keep or to guard, and con, which means together. During the early 1900's, American conservationists worked chiefly to preserve the nation's forests and wildlife. Today, conservationists work in many fields, including forestry, geology, range ecology, soil science, wildlife biology, and urban planning. Conservationists are also called environmentalists. One of the most difficult challenges of conservation is to reconcile two, sometimes conflicting, goals-(1) to protect the environment and (2) to maintain or increase agricultural and industrial production. For example, the agricultural use of some chemical fertilizers and pesticides pollutes the environment but also greatly increases crop yields. Thus, most farmers do not want to stop using these chemicals, even though it would be best for the environment. Only the combined efforts of many people can solve such problems. Business leaders, government officials, scientists, and individuals must all work together to conserve natural resources.

KEWANG HARUKU - DESA HARUKU
KABUPATEN MALUKU TENGAH - PROVINSI MALUKU - INDONESIA
WEBSITE : www.kewang-haruku.org EMAIL : kewangharuku@gmail.com
TELP. +6285243460984 (Eliza Kissya)
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